VIRGO
by Steve Coe
13" f/5.6 unless noted

NGC 3976 Pretty bright, pretty large, much elongated 3 X 1 PA 45, somewhat brighter middle with a stellar nucleus at 150X. A nice, edge-on galaxy. NGC 3976A to the south is very faint, small and round.

NGC 4030 Pretty bright, pretty large, much brighter in the middle, Elongated 1.5 X 1 in PA 0 at 135X. This is a high surface brightness galaxy with a 12th mag star to the north and a double star to the south which bracket the galaxy.

NGC 4073 faint, pretty small, irregularly round, somewhat brighter middle at 135X. There are 5 other galaxies in the 25' field, including four to the south that are very faint and very small. They are all just barely larger than the seeing disk. Averted vision helps bring them out.

NGC 4123 Pretty faint, pretty large, elongated 1.8 X 1 in PA 135 and much brighter in the middle at 150X.

NGC 4168 Pretty bright, pretty large, little brighter in the middle, very little elongated 1.2 X 1 in PA 30, little brighter middle at 150X. Two very faint stars are involved. There is a very faint companion to the southwest, it is very faint, small, round and has a double star involved.

NGC 4178 faint, pretty large, very much elongated (4X1), not much brighter in the middle.

NGC 4179 Pretty bright, pretty large, much brighter in the middle, much elongated 3 X 1 in PA 135, this is a nice edge on at 135X.

NGC 4206 150X--faint, pretty large, very much elongated 4X1 in PA 0, very little brighter in the middle. A thin, faint streak.

NGC 4216 pretty bright, large, much elongated with a very bright middle at 100X. The fascinating thing about this object is that it is within a 30' field of two other edge on galaxies. The northernmost is extremely faint, pretty small, very much elongated and not brighter in the middle. The southernmost is faint, pretty small, much elongated and somewhat brighter in the middle. With 4216 in the center of this array of spindle shaped galaxies, this is a spot that fascinated me.

Dugas S=7 T=8 13" 150X--Bright, large very much elongated 4X1 in PA 20, pretty suddenly much brighter middle. The central bright section is also elongated in the same PA as main body. A nice edge-on that I have not returned to very often.
220X--does not help with galaxy detail, but pretty faint star is seen to east of the nucleus of 4216. Companion is elongated 3X1 pretty bright, pretty large, very little brighter middle to a stellar nucleus--this is companion to SW. NE companion is low surface brightness, and averted vision helps to pick it out.

36" f/5 14mm Meade UWA TSP 96 Elongated 6X1 core much brighter, pretty faint star very near core. Aviz does not help much. One of faint, nearby edge-on galaxies is down and right.

Camp 613 S=6 T=8 100X--bright, large, very much elongated 5X1 in PA 20, suddenly much brighter middle. A great edge-on.
150X--a stellar nucleus is held steady within a bright central section that is elongated is the same PA as the galaxy. Averted vision makes this object thicker.

NGC 4260 Pretty faint, pretty small and elongated at 100X.

NGC 4261 Pretty bright, pretty large, round and much brighter in the middle, it has a very faint companion about 5' away.

NGC 4270,73 and 80 are all in the same 30' field at 100X. There are two other very faint companions in the field, that are at the limit of the 13".

NGC 4270 is pretty faint, small, brighter in the middle and round.

NGC 4273 is pretty bright, pretty small, much brighter in the middle and little elongated.

NGC 4281 is pretty bright, pretty large, somewhat brighter in the middle and elongated 2X1.

NGC 4294 Faint, pretty large, much elongated 2.5 X 1 in PA 160 at 100X. In moments of good seeing there is a binary nucleus at 150X.

NGC 4299 Faint, pretty large, little elongated 1.2 X 1 in PA 135, gradually brighter middle at 100X.

NGC 4303 (M 61) is bright, large, irregularly round, much brighter in the middle and has a distinct nucleus using powers from 135X to 200X. The arms are mottled and in moments of good seeing some spiral structure can be seen. This observation was made in the central mountains of Arizona on a night I rated 7/10 for seeing and 8/10 for contrast. 4301 is a companion and is very faint, small, round and not brighter in the middle. Averted vision helps pick out this dim galaxy.

Dugas S=7, T=8 13" 150X bright, large,round, very suddenly much brighter middle, needs power.
220X arms sparkle with mottling, core is never seen at John Herschel's "biN". The monk's hood makes the arms more prominent. 330X a little too much, but still on binary nucleus.

NGC 4307 Pretty faint, pretty large, much elongated 3 X 1 in PA 30, somewhat brighter middle and very mottled arms at 150X. The central bulge is obvious, a nice spindle shape. There is an extremely faint companion which is only seen occaisonally.

NGC 4313 Faint, large, very elongated 3 X 1 in PA 165, not much brighter in the middle at 150X.

NGC 4324 pretty bright, pretty large, elongated 2X1, brighter in the middle and has a small bright nucleus at 135X. 17 Vir is in the field.

NGC 4365 bright, pretty large, elongated 1.5X1, somewhat brighter middle at 100X.

NGC 4371 pretty bright, considerably large, elongated 2X1, much brighter in the middle and has a bright nucleus at 100X.

NGC 4374 (M84) very bright, large, irregularly round, bright middle. This is the beginning of the Markarian chain, the central section of the Virgo-Coma cluster of galaxies.
Sentinel Star Gaze 24 Apr 98 13" f/5.6 S=8, T=7
100X-Bright, pretty large, suddenly brighter middle, very little elongated 1.2X1 in PA 135, a nice view of the Markarian chain.
150X shows the elongated nature better, this is a smooth galaxy.

NGC 4380 Faint, pretty large, little elongated 1.5 X 1 in PA 165, gradually a little brighter middle at 150X. The arms are somewhat mottled.

NGC 4387 Pretty faint, small, elongated 1.5X1 in PA 135 and much brighter in the middle at 100X.

NGC 4388 pretty bright, large, much elongated 3X1 E-W, brighter middle. This very distorted edge-on galaxy is in the field of M84 and M86. I tried some power, up to 220X, in an attempt to see some of the bizarre distortion of this galaxy. I could only see that the central section is quite elongated and that the outer arms are very mottled.
Note: SAC database says "vF" for this object, possible error, it is not very faint.

NGC 4402 faint, pretty small, elongated 2X1, not brighter in the middle at 135X.

NGC 4406 (M 86) very bright, large, little elongated, much brighter middle leading to a bright nucleus at 165X.

NGC 4413 Pretty faint, pretty small, gradually brighter middle, little elongated 1.2 X 1 in PA 60 at 100X. There are 2 11th mag stars on the north side.

NGC 4417 Pretty faint, pretty small, much elongated 2.5 X 1 in PA 60, much brighter middle, averted vision makes it grow at 150X. There is a faint outer shell to this galaxy.

Cherry Rd. 100X--faint, pretty small, elongated 2X1 in PA 60 and brighter in the middle.

NGC 4424 Pretty faint, pretty large, elongated 1.8 X 1 in PA 90, brighter middle at 150X. There is a brighter central section which has the same PA as the galaxy.

NGC 4425 Pretty faint, pretty large, much elongated 3 X 1 in PA 30, much brigter in the middle with an almost stellar nucleus at 150X. This galaxy has a nice spindle shape.

NGC 4429 Pretty bright, pretty large, much brighter in the middle with an almost stellar nucleus, very much elongated 3 X 1 in PA 110 at 110X. There is a 10th mag star 5 arcmin to the north.

NGC 4435 pretty bright, pretty large, very little brighter middle, somewhat elongated 2X1 in PA 0 degrees.

NGC 4438 bright, pretty large, very much elongated, much brighter in the middle. 4438 and 4435 are elongated in the same PA.
Sentinel Star Gaze 24 Apr 98 13" f/5.6 S=8, T=7
150X-Bright, pretty large, much elongated 2.5X1 in PA 15, bright middle with an almost stellar nucleus and somewhat mottled.

NGC 4442 Pretty bright, pretty large, much brighter in the middle, much elongated 2.5 X 1 in PA 80 at 100X. There is a faint double star 5 arcmin to the south.

NGC 4452 Pretty bright, pretty small, very much elongated 3 X 1 in PA 45, elongated bright middle, a nice, thin edge-on at 150X.

NGC 4458 Pretty bright, pretty large, elongated 2X1 in PA 15, much brighter in the middle wiht a stellar nucleus at 150X.

NGC 4461 Pretty faint, pretty small, much elongated 3 X 1 in PA 0, much brighter middle with a stellar nucleus at 150X. This nice spindle has faint outer arms, maybe the reason Wm Herschel gave it "R" for "round".

Cherry Rd. 150X--Pretty faint, pretty large, elongated 2X1 in PA 15, little brighter in the middle.

NGC 4469 Pretty bright, pretty large, much elongated 3 X 1 in PA 90, much brighter middle with an elongated central section in the same PA as galaxy at 150X. A nice, edge-on galaxy.

NGC 4472 (M49) Dugas 13" 7/10 60X=easy to spot. 150X-very bright, large, little elongated 1.2X1 in PA 165, much, much brighter in the middle, 13th mag star attached on the eastern side.

NGC 4473 Very faint, small, round, very little brighter in the middle, not much at 150X.

NGC 4476 pretty bright, pretty large, round, brighter middle. In the field of M 87.

NGC 4477 Faint, pretty small, elongated 1.5X1 in PA 30, not brighter in the middle at 150X.

NGC 4478 Pretty bright, small, very bright middle, round at 100X. This is the closer of two companions to M 87 on the SW side.

NGC 4479 Pretty faint, pretty large, elongated 2X1 in PA 15, much brighter in the middle at 150X.

NGC 4486 (M 87) very bright, large, very bright middle with a bright, small nucleus at 165X. Dugas 13" 7/10 100x-easy 150X-very bright, large, round, much, much brighter in the middle with 3 levels of condensation across a smooth surface. There is a nice, delicate double star about 10' south of M87, it has a seperation of about 10 arcsec. There are 4 companion galaxies in the same field of view at 150X: NGC 4486A-very faint, small, round, very little brighter middle. NGC 4486B-extremely faint, small, little elongated in a PA of 90, not brighter in the middle, averted vision only. NGC 4478-faint, pretty small, elongated 1.5X1 in PA 30, bright middle, difficult to hold the PA of elongation steady. NGC 4476-very faint, pretty small, round, very little brighter in the middle.

NGC 4519 Faint, pretty large, round, little brighter in the middle, not much at 100X. Companion is very faint, small and round, averted vision only on a 6/10 night at Cherry Road.

NGC 4526 Bright, large, much elongated 3 X 1 in PA 110, much brighter in the middle with a stellar core at 165X. Camp 613 S=7, T=8 13" f/5.6 100X-bright, large, very much elongated 3.5X1 in PA 120, suddenly much brighter middle, nice lenticular galaxy with 2 7th mag stars bracket the galaxy in field, this is unique. 150X-nice view, 2 layers to central brightening, one is 1 arcmin core a round bright center, other is stellar nucleus that is about equal to a 12th mag star.

NGC 4527 Bright, pretty large, much elongated 3 X 1 in PA 60, much brighter middle, companion to the north is faint, small and round. This galaxy is a nice edge on at 135X.

NGC 4535 Pretty bright, large, elongated 1.5 X 1 in PA 0, brighter in the middle with a stellar nucleus, very mottled at 165X.

NGC 4536 Bright, large, very much elongated 3.5 X 1 in PA 110, much brighter middle, a companion to the north is faint, pretty large, round and little brighter in the middle at 135X.

NGC 4546 Pretty bright, pretty large, much elogated 2.5 X 1 in PA 90, much brighter middle, with a 10th mag star to the SE at 135X.

NGC 4550 Pretty bright, pretty large, brighter middle, much elongated at 2.5 X 1 in PA 0 at 100X. M 89 is in the field.

NGC 4552 (M 89) bright, pretty large, round, much brighter middle with a nucleus at 100X. Dugas 13" 7/10 150X-bright, pretty large, round, much brighter in the middle with an almost stellar nucleus, a little mottling across a pretty high surface brightness.

NGC 4567 and 4568 this is one of the most famous galaxy pairs, the Siamese Twins. Both are pretty bright, pretty large and elongated 2X1. The northernmost has a much brighter middle. The two galaxies are at approximately a 60 degree angle to each other. Camp 613 S=7, T=8 13" f/5.6 150X-obvious "V" shaped interresting pair. North one is NGC 4567 it is a little smaller than 4568. Both are pretty faint, pretty small, elongated 2X1 and brighter in the middle. 4567 is in PA 90, 4568 is in PA 60. There is another galaxy to the north. 220X is too much power, mushy.

NGC 4569 (M 90) bright, large, much elongated 3X1, bright middle with a nucleus. At 135X the arms are very mottled and there is a dark marking on the north side. There is a very, very faint , pretty small and round companion on the northeast side on the galaxy.
Dugas 13" 7/10 150X-bright, large, very much elongated 3X1 in PA 20, bright middle with an almost stellar nucleus and a little mottling in the arms. The companion is IC 3583 it is very faint, pretty small, somewhat brighter in the middle and little elongatd in PA0. There is a 12th mag star right on top of this galaxy, makes it tough to observe.

NGC 4570 Pretty bright, pretty large, brighter middle, much elongated 2.5 X 1 in PA 165 at 100X.

NGC 4579 (M 58) bright, large, somewhat elongated 1.5X1, much brighter in the middle at 135X. There is some faint spiral structure at the limit of the 13". Averted vision makes the size of this object grow. Dugas Rd. S=6, T=8 13" f/5.6 11X80-just seen.
150X- bright, pretty large, irregularly round, much, much brighter middle, averted vision makes it grow.
220X-arms still smooth, no structure seen.
Camp 613 S+T=8 150X and 220X still no arms seen, smooth disk around bright core.

NGC 4594 (M 104) bright, large, much elongated 3X1 E-W and very much brighter middle at 100X. The Sombrero Galaxy has an immediately noticed dark lane which is offset so that the nucleus sits on it.
Camp 613 S=7, T=9 13" f/5.6 11x80- easy, somewhat elongated
100X-bright, large, very much elongated 4X1 in PA 90, suddenly much brighter of the middle, core "sits" on the northern edge of the dark lane. 150X-nice view, averted vision doubles the size of the galaxy, both in length and width. There is a 13th mag star to the north side, centered above the core.
220X-shows a little scalloped detail in edges of dark lane. The core area shows a small stellar nucleus about 20% of the time. 330X-no more detail seen in dark lane, too much power, this gets rid of the galaxy to the south of the dark lane.
I see M104 as smooth at all powers, no mottling.

NGC 4596 Pretty bright, pretty large, much brighter middle, little elongated 1.5 X 1 in PA 110 at 100X.

NGC 4636 Bright, pretty large, irregularly round, high surface brightness, much, much brighter middle with a very bright nucleus at 165X.

NGC 4643 Pretty bright, pretty large, much brighter middle, little elongated 1.2 X 1 in PA 135 at 135X.

NGC 4654 Bright, large, much brighter middle, elongated 2 X 1 in PA 120 at 100X. The core is also elongated in same PA.

NGC 4660 Pretty bright, small, round, much brighter middle at 100X.

NGC 4665 Pretty bright, pretty large, much brighter middle with an almost stellar nucleus, little elongated 1.2 X 1 in PA 0. There is a 10th mag star to the SW.

NGC 4666 Pretty bright, pretty large, bright middle with a stellar nucleus at 165X. Much elongated 2.5 X 1 in PA 45. There is a nice, delicate triple star to the south.

NGC 4697 Bright, large, elongated 1.8 X 1 in PA 45 at 100X, much brighter middle, almost stellar nucleus. Averted vision makes it grow in size.

NGC 4698 Pretty bright, pretty large, much brighter middle, much elongated 2 X 1 in PA 165 at 100X. It is between two 11th mag stars.

NGC 4699 Pretty bright, pretty large, round, much brighter in the middle at 100X. This galaxy has a high surface brightness and averted vision makes it grow in size.

NGC 4717 faint, pretty small, somewhat brighter middle. It is northernmost of a group with all the other members very, very faint, small and round at the limit of the 13" at 135X.

NGC 4739 faint, pretty small, round, somewhat brighter middle at 100X.

NGC 4742 faint, small, much brighter middle with a small nucleus at 165X. Averted vision helps a lot on this object.

NGC 4753 Pretty bright, pretty large, much brighter middle, much elongated 2.5 X 1 in PA 0 at 100X.

NGC 4754 Pretty bright, pretty large, round, brighter middle at 100X.

NGC 4762 Bright, large, much elongated 4 X 1 in PA 30, bright middle, hint of a dark lane at 165X. Central bulge seen, averted vision makes it grow longer.
220X does not help much, somewhat better contrast, but no more detail.

NGC 4764 pretty faint, small and round. It is a double galaxy of an E-W pair. The pair is split at 165X. There is a 9th mag star to the south.

NGC 4770 very, very faint, pretty small, round at 135X. At the limit of the 13" and averted vision.

NGC 4773-77-80 form a very difficult galaxy grouping in the 13" at 135X even on a night I rated 6/10 for seeing and 7/10 for transparency. 4473 and 4480 can be held steady with 4477 fading and brightening with the seeing. All three are round and not brighter in the middle. If you are looking for a challenge, this ought to do it.

NGC 4781 Pretty bright, large, much brighter middle, much elongated 2 X 1 in PA 110 at 100X. Two 11th mag stars are involved on the west side.

NGC 4818 pretty bright, pretty large, much elongated 3X1 with an elongated nucleus at 200X. There is an 11th magnitude star at the southern tip.

NGC 4845 Pretty bright, pretty large, somewhat brighter middle, much elongated 3 X 1 in PA 75 at 100X.

NGC 4856 Pretty bright, pretty large, much brighter middle with an almost stellar nucleus, much elongated 2.5 X 1 in PA 45 at 100X.

NGC 4858 Pretty bright, pretty small, much brighter middle, an almost stellar nucleus in the center and very much elongated 4 X 1 in PA 20. This is a nice lens shaped galaxy at 135X.

NGC 4866 Bright, large, much brighter middle with a stellar nucleus, very much elongated 5 X 1 in PA 90. There is an 11th mag star in PA 300 from the nucleus, it is about the same magnitude as the nucleus at 135X.

NGC 4900 Pretty bright, pretty large, little brighter in the middle, round, 10th mag star in PA 135 at 100X.

NGC 4902 Bright, pretty large, Round, much brighter middle at 150X. There is an elongated core in a PA of 90 degrees. With averted vision there is a hint of the Theta structure mentioned in the notes. There are two double stars nearby and a very faint, pretty large, much elongated in PA 0 compantion to the SW.

NGC 4933 faint, pretty small, elongated 2X1, brighter middle at 135X. There is a knot in the arm or a companion in the western arm.

NGC 4939 faint, large, elongated 2.5X1, somewhat brighter middle at 100X. This object has a low surface brightness.

NGC 4984 Pretty bright, pretty large, much brighter middle, elongated 1.8 X 1 in PA 90 at 150X. There is an extremely faint star in the western arm.

NGC 4995 Pretty bright, pretty large, much brighter middle, round at 100X.

NGC 5044 Pretty bright, large, round, suddenly much brighter in the middle at 150X. Averted vision makes it much larger. There are several other galaxies of all sizes in the 25 arcmin field of view.

NGC 5054 Pretty faint, pretty large, brighter middle, elongated 1.8 X 1 in PA 45 at 100X.

NGC 5079 I have no idea which of the galaxies in this field is NGC 5079. There are two objects that are pretty faint and round, the other three are very faint and round. One galaxy has a somewhat brighter middle at 135X, all the rest are not bright by any interpretation of that word. If for some reason you are looking for a field with lots of faint galaxies, try this one.

NGC 5170 Pretty faint, large, very much elongated 5X1 in PA 135, the western part of the galaxy is brighter and the core is much brighter with a stellar nucleus at 150X.

NGC 5247 Considerably faint, large, round and much brighter in the middle at 150X. The core is very large in size compared to the pretty low surface brightness arms of the galaxy. It is a little mottled.

NGC 5300 Faint, pretty large, little elongated 1.5X1 in PA 135 and very little brighter in the middle at 100X.

NGC 5334 Faint, pretty large, elongated 1.5X1 in PA 15, lens-shaped, very little brighter in the middle at 100X.

The next three galaxies are all in the same 100X, 30' field.

NGC 5360 very faint, pretty small, round, averted vision only.

NGC 5363 pretty bright, pretty large, round and much brighter middle. Near a 9th mag star. This is brightest of group.

NGC 5364 pretty faint, pretty large, round, somewhat brighter middle. Very mottled arms on this face on with low surface brightness.

-------------------------------------------------------------------

NGC 5566 Pretty bright, pretty large, much brighter middle with an almost stellar nucleus, elongated 3 X 1 in PA 30 at 100X.

NGC 5576 Pretty bright, pretty large, much brighter middle, round at 100X. The companion is pretty bright, pretty small and elongated, it is 5 arcmin to the SW of 5576.

NGC 5584 Faint, large, elongated 2.5X1 in PA 165, very little brighter in the middle, low surface brightness at 150X.

NGC 5634 bright, pretty large, not compressed globular cluster among all these galaxies. It is easy to find at 100X.
2 stars are resolved at 175X.

NGC 5668 Faint, pretty large, little brighter in the middle, very little elongated 1.2X1 in PA 120, pretty faint star (13m) on eastern side at 150X.

NGC 5690 pretty bright, pretty large, somewhat brighter middle, much elongated 3X1. 13th mag star in south end.

NGC 5701 Pretty bright, pretty small, round, much brighter middle with an almost stellar nucleus at 150x. There is an 11th mag star on the western edge.

NGC 5713 Pretty bright, pretty large, much brighter middle, elongated 1.5X1 in PA 75, averted vision makes it grow at 150X.

NGC 5719 Pretty faint, pretty large, brighter middle, elongated 3X1 in PA 90 at 150X.

NGC 5740 pretty faint, pretty large, bright middle and somewhat elongated 1.5X1. In the field of 5746.

NGC 5746 bright, large, much brighter middle, much elongated north-south. There is an obvious central bulge at 135X. A dark lane cuts across the galaxy in moments of good seeing.
150X-bright, large, very much elongated 5X1 in PA 165, a very edge-on galaxy. Averted vision makes it grow much longer. There is an obvious central bulge and a 13th mag star is attached to the southern arm.

NGC 5813 Bright, pretty large, very much brighter middle, little elongated 1.2X1 in PA 110. This is the "baseball" galaxy, it is surrounded by four stars on all sides, they form a baseball diamond.

NGC 5846 Pretty bright, pretty large, round, much brighter middle at 100X. There are two other galaxies in the field and a nice white and blue double star 5 arcmin west.

Abell 36 is a planetary, also PK318+41.1
Sentinel Star Gaze 24 Apr 98 13" f/5.6 S=8, T=7
100X-only suspected
150X-extremely faint, pretty large, round, not brighter in the middle, a tough object, only held with direct vision about 20% of the time. Just a very dim fuzzy spot. The UHC filter is no help, only going to higher power will raise the contrast enough to detect this object.

 

Double stars

Theta easy at 100X, white and greenish. There is a distant companion that shows a "pendulum effect" if you rock the telescope.

17 Vir easy at 100X. Yellow and light orange.

 

Red Stars

SS Vir is a nice light red ( dare I say pink ) star in a pretty sparse field.

3C273 is the brightest quasar. There is a finder chart in Burnham's Handbook and that is how I found it in my old 17.5" at 100X. There is another pretty faint star nearby and it demanded 200X for confirmation. Of course, it was just a point of light at any power.
Boy, I wish I had a telescope that would make quasars something other than a point of light! I wonder what an evening on the Hubble Space Telescope will cost? How could you get your eye to the eyepiece with
a space helmet on your head? What would happen if you took it off
for a quick peek?