PISCES
by Steve Coe
13.1" f/5.6 unless noted

NGC 63 Pretty faint, pretty small, elongated 1.5 X 1 in PA 90 and somewhat brighter in the middle at 100X.

NGC 95 Faint, pretty small, little elongated 1.2 X 1 in PA 90 and somewhat brighter in the middle at 100X.

NGC 125 Faint, small, brighter in the middle, with a double star to the southeast at 100X.

NGC 128 Pretty bright, pretty small, elongated 2 X 1 in PA 0 and somewhat brighter in the middle at 135X. Several very, very faint companion galaxies are to the west, they are at the limit of the 13". Using a 17.5" years ago, I commented that this galaxy reminded me of the Saturn Nebula in Aquarius. I assume that is because this strange object has a rectangular central section.

NGC 182 Pretty faint, pretty small, elongated 2 X 1 in PA 90 and little brighter middle.

NGC 193 Pretty faint, pretty large, round, somewhat brighter middle at 100X. There are several stars involved at 165X, a 13th mag star at the SE edge and another star that is very
near the nucleus and appears to form a double star with the nucleus. There are 3 other galaxies in the field of view at 100X.

NGC 194 Pretty bright, pretty small, round, much brighter in the middle. There are four companions in the same field at 100X.

NGC 200 Pretty faint, pretty small, round, a little brighter in the middle at 100X. NGC 194, 198 and 199 are also in the field of view and form a nice galaxy group that is runs along an elongated line from north to south.

NGC 251 Faint, small, elongated 1.5 X 1 in PA 90, little brighter middle at 150X. There is a double star of 11th and 13th magnitude on the east side.

NGC 266 Pretty faint, pretty small, elongated 1.5 X 1 in PA 90, pretty suddenly brighter middle at 100X. Stellar nucleus seen at 150X. There is a pretty faint double star to the northwest about 2 arcmin.

NGC 287 Very faint, pretty small, round, not brighter middle, averted vision helps with this low surface brightness object at 150X.

NGC 311 Pretty faint, pretty large, elongated 1.5 X 1 in PA 90, not brighter in the middle at 135X.

NGC 315 Pretty bright, pretty large, round, suddenly much brighter in the middle at 135X. This galaxy grows with averted vision. NGC 311 and 318 are in the 25' field. There are two 13th mag stars involved at 150X.

NGC 318 Very faint, small, round, not brighter in the middle at 135X. This difficult galaxy disappears when I turn on the dim red flashlight to draw the field or take notes.

NGC 326 Very faint, very, very small, not brighter middle, round at 150X. Only about 4 times the seeing disk, not much.

NGC 354 Pretty faint, small, bright middle, elongated 1.5 X 1 in PA 45 at 150X. There is a 13th mag star involved on the west end.

NGC 383 Pretty bright, pretty large, round and much brighter in the middle at 100X. This object is in the center of a nice galaxy group and a pretty rich star field for Pisces. The galaxy group is elongated in a N-S PA and at 100X the 30' field shows seven companion galaxies nearby. Going to 220X and moving the scope around shows many other very faint companions within one degree.

NGC 407 Faint, small, not brighter in the middle and elongated 2 X 1 in PA 0 at 100X.

NGC 408 Pretty bright, pretty small, round and has a bright middle at 100X. NGCs 407, 410 and 411 are in the same 30' field as this galaxy.

NGC 410 Very faint, small, round, just a dim blob at 100X.

NGC 414 Faint, small and round at 100X.

NGC 447 Pretty faint, pretty small, round, somewhat brighter in the middle, there are three star of 12th or 13th mag involved at 165X.

NGC 449 and 451 Both Faint, small, round and not brighter in the middle at 135X. These galaxies are very near a 7th mag star plotted on Uranometria chart # 91. Going to 220X helps some, because the bright star can be moved out the field. This is a dim version of NGC 404, near Beta AND.

NGC 459 Very faint, small, round, very little brighter middle.
Only suspected at 100X, there is some contrast at 220X, but not much, this is a low surface brightness object.

NGC 463 Extremely faint, pretty small, irregularly round, just barely there at the limit of the 13" on a 7/10 night at Buckeye. I used both 100X and 150X to search for this object.

NGC 467 Pretty faint, pretty small, not much brighter in the middle, little elongated 1.5 X 1 in PA 135.

NGC 470 Pretty bright, pretty large, not brighter in the middle, round, very mottled at 100X.

NGC 473 Pretty faint, pretty small, elongated 2 X 1 in PA 175, with a bright middle at 220X.

NGC 474 Pretty bright, pretty large, much brighter in the middle, round at 100X. The brightest of a group of three with NGC 467 and 470.

NGC 476 Very faint, small, round, little brighter middle, compact even at 220X.

NGC 488 Pretty bright, pretty large, much brighter in the middle and has somewhat mottled arms at 100X. There are two very faint companions to the north.

NGC 494 Pretty bright, pretty large, not brighter in the middle, round and a little mottled at 100X.

NGC 495 Very faint, small and round at 100X.

NGC 498 Very faint, small and round at 100X.

NGC 499 Pretty bright, pretty small, not brighter in the middle and round at 100X.

NGC 507 Pretty bright, pretty large, bright middle and round at 100X. This is the center galaxy of a rich field of galaxies that contains NGCs 494, 495, 498, 499, 504 and 508. Besides all these galaxies, these is a nice, wide, blue and gold double star dead
center in this galaxy group.

NGC 508 Pretty faint, pretty small and round at 100X.

NGC 514 Pretty faint, large, elongated 1.5 X 1 in PA 90, very gradually somewhat brighter in the middle at 135X.
There is a 12th mag double star near the eastern side of the galaxy, near a 9th mag star.

NGC 518 Faint, pretty small, elongated 3 X 1 in PA 60 at 100X.

NGC 520 Pretty bright, pretty large, elongated 2 X 1 in PA 135 and much brighter in the middle at 165X. The strange characteristic of this galaxy is that it has an elongated
core. The central bright section of this object is a streak instead of the usual round spot.

NGC 524 Bright, large, round, much brighter in the middle and somewhat mottled at 100X.

NGC 532 Very faint, pretty small, round, not much at 100X.

NGC 575 Faint, pretty small, round, little brighter middle at 150X.

NGC 606 Extremely faint, small, round, very little brighter in the middle, not much at 220X.

NGC 628 (M 74) Bright, large, irregularly round, very bright in the middle at 100X. M 74 can be seen in my 11 X 80 finder from a dark site on a clear evening. However, I have declared this face on galaxy to be dim in an 8" f/4.5 from a site that was quite light polluted. Raising the power on this object to 220X using the 13" on a night I
rated 8/10 for transparency brings out a wealth of detail. There is a stellar core and spiral structure with two arms winding out from the central hub are immediately evident. John Herschel declared this galaxy to be "rr" which means well-resolved into stars. Obviously, he was fooled by some of the 9 stars I could see involved within the spiral structure of this galaxy. Also, the arms are very mottled and that may have lead Herschel to think he had resolved this object.

Ultimate Star Party, McDonald Obs. Oct. 95, S=6, T=8, 36" f/5--

M 74 in 36" with 14mm; obviously spiral, with two arms above and one below the core. Rather unique, one of the arms above and the arm below both have a knot that is right at the tip of the spiral arm. 9 stars involved. About 60 percent of the field.

Sentinel 8/10 S+T 11X80--just barely seen, a very faint blob.
150X in the 13" is the best view, spiral structure seen about 20 percent of the time. It is pretty faint, large, round, grainy arms and much brighter in the middle. The hood really helps, lots of spiral arm structure with the core really standing out. 220X is too much power, just a core with very faint arms.

NGC 656 Pretty faint, pretty small, very little elongated 1.2 X 1 in PA 30 at 150X.

NGC 660 Pretty bright, pretty large, elongated 3 X 1 in PA 0, bright middle. At 135X this galaxy grows in length with averted vision.

NGC 676 Very faint, pretty large, elongated 2 X 1 in PA 0 at 100X. This is a tough, low surface brightness object.

NGC 693 Pretty bright, small, round and much brighter in the middle at 100X.

NGC 706 Pretty bright, small, round and much brighter in the middle at 100X. This galaxy and NGCs 693 and 676 form a chain in the 30' field of view.

NGC 718 Pretty bright, pretty small, irregularly round, pretty suddenly much brighter middle at 135X.

NGC 741 Pretty faint, pretty small, much brighter middle, round, at 135X. A companion galaxy to the East makes this object appear elongated until a moment of good seeing splits them into two separate galaxies.

NGC 766 Faint, pretty small, very little elongated 1.2 X 1 in PA 165, using 220X.

NGC 791 Faint, small, round, much brighter middle at 220X. Averted vision helps, it also shows two eF companions.

NGC 7517 Faint, pretty small, elongated 3 X 1 in PA 90 and somewhat brighter in the middle at 100X. There is a 12th mag star at the western tip.

NGC 7533 Faint, pretty small, little elongated in PA 90 and considerably brighter in the middle at 100X. NGC 7517 fits in the same 30' field and both are pretty tough to spot from a somewhat light polluted site. I picked them out much easier from a darker location.

NGC 7537 Pretty bright, pretty large, elongated 2 X 1 in PA 75 and a little brighter in the middle at 165X.

Sentinel S=6 T=8 13" 150X--faint, small, little brighter middle, elongated 2X1 in PA 60.

NGC 7541 Bright, large, elongated 4 X 1 in PA 90 and has a bright middle at 165X. Has NGC 7537 as a companion galaxy, and they are almost in the same PA of elongation.

Sentinel S=6 T=8 13" 150X--pretty bright, pretty large, much elongated 3X1 in PA 90, suddenly bright middle. A nice edge-on. Stars at both ends of this galaxy, east one brighter.

NGC 7679 Very faint, small, round, somewhat brighter middle with an approximately stellar nucleus at 135X.

NGC 7714 and 7715 Very faint, small, round and not brighter in the middle at 100X. Going to 165X helps because you can get the star 16 PSC out of the field of view and make the dim galaxy easier to spot.

NGC 7716 Pretty faint, pretty small, little elongated 1.2 X 1 in PA 45, brighter middle at 135X.

NGC 7750 Pretty faint, pretty small, round, somewhat brighter in the middle at 100X. The carbon star TX PSC is in the field. It is a beautiful dark orange to the west of this galaxy.

NGC 7757 Very faint, pretty large, little elongated and somewhat brighter in the middle at 100X. Higher powers, even a good site don't show the companion galaxy.

NGC 7782 Pretty bright, pretty small, much brighter in the middle and elongated 1.5 X 1 in PA 45 at 135X. NGCs 7778, 7779 and 7781 form a line of galaxies to the southwest of NGC 7782. They are all faint, small and round.

NGC 7785 Pretty bright, pretty small, irregularly round, much brighter in the middle and very mottled at 135X.

Non-NGC Objects

Ultimate Star Party, McDonald Obs. S=6, T=8, 36" f/5--
Cartwheel Galaxy; seen with 12mm eyepiece; companion galaxy is more obvious than Cartwheel, but still held steady with direct vision once you see it. Averted vision shows the Cartwheel feature, a darkening of the center of the galaxy. However, the center was never really dark, but there was some contrast between the outer annulus and the middle.
AND II Dwarf Galaxy Extremely faint, pretty large, not brighter in the middle, irregularly round, somewhat mottled at 100X. Rocking the tube of the scope helps the contrast with this very low surface brightness object.

LGS 3 Very faint, pretty small, very little elongated 1.2 X 1 in PA 165, very little brighter middle at 150X. This is a low surface brightness object.

UGC 191 Near NGC 95, Faint, pretty large, not brighter in the middle, low surface brightness, averted vision helps.

UGC 477 Very faint, pretty small, very elongated 3 X 1 in PA 150, somewhat brighter middle at 150X.

UGC 12709 Extremely faint, pretty small, round, not brighter in the middle, comes and goes with the seeing at 135X.

Double Stars


Alpha PSC notched at 165X, pretty clean split at 270X with Barlow.
Both blue-white.

Psi PSC easy split at 100X, matched blue-white pair.

Zeta PSC easy at 100X, white and light yellow.

35 PSC easy split at 100X, yellow and light blue.

42 PSC easy split at 100X, white and royal blue.

51 PSC easy split at 100X, gorgeous blue-white and green.

55 PSC split at 100X, better at 165X, yellow and blue.

65 PSC just split at 100X, better at 165X, nice white matched pair.

77 PSC easy split at 100X, light yellow and light blue.

h 647 easy at 100X. Royal blue and burnt orange. Not many dim pairs have this much color, don't miss it. At 02 02.6 and +07.6 (epoch 2000), this pair is dead north of Alpha PSC about 5 degrees and is not marked on Uranometria.


Red stars

Z PSC beautiful dark orange in a sparse field.

TX PSC has always been a lovely dark orange regardless of aperture or conditions. This star is just visible to the naked eye within the Circlet of Pisces and even appears off color without optical aid.