CYGNUS
By Steve Coe
13" f/5.6 unless noted


NGC 6811 Pretty rich, large, somewhat compressed, 42 stars counted
of 10th mag and dimmer at 100X.

NGC 6819 Bright, pretty large, much compressed and very rich
cluster. 92 stars counted at 165X, many close groupings. There is a
nice "oatmeal" background, even at higher powers. A light orange
star of 11th mag in on the east side.

NGC 6826 is the Blinking Planetary. This medium sized, 9th
magnitude planetary can be located at 100X. It appears as a
non-stellar blob in the Milky Way. I first saw the blinking effect
in an 8" scope at 200X. If you look directly at the planetary the
central star is prominent compared to the greenish nebulosity. Then
averted vision will make the nebula appear brighter and overwhelm
the star. Alternating between direct and averted vision will produce
a blinking on-then-off effect that is fascinating. In the 17.5" the
effect is unmistakable. There are several other planetary nebulae
that have the right central star to nebula brightness to show off
this effect. Using a 12.5" f/6 on a excellent night at 7000 ft.
in Arizona, this planetary is bright, large, somewhat elongated
and greenish. The central star is easy at 180X as it floats in
a rich Milky Way field of view. On a 7/10 night at Dugas using
the 13", it is bright, pretty large, very little elongated 1.2 X 1
in PA 170 at 100X. It is easily found at 100X. The central star
is better seen at 220X, but the blinking effect is better at
100X, the central star "goes away" with averted vision. The PN is
light green at all powers.

Ultimate Star Party, McDonald Obs. Oct. 95, S=6, T=8, 25" f/5--

NGC 6826 (blinking planetary) in 25" with 9mm; "large" central star is obvious. The dark markings can be seen in the bright disk, they are about 60 percent of the way out from the core and are thin dark lines. The blinking effect does not happen very well at this aperture.


NGC 6834 Pretty bright, pretty small, pretty rich, compressed and
somewhat triangular in shape at 165X. I counted 38 stars, including
a nice dark yellow 10th mag star that is dead center of this
cluster.

NGC 6857 Pretty bright, pretty small, pretty rich, compressed and
somewhat triangular in shape at 165X. I counted 38 stars, including
a nice dark yellow 10th mag star that is dead center of the cluster.

NGC 6866 Bright, large, rich, considerably compressed, 62 stars of
mags 10 and less, well resolved at 165X. This cluster is easily
seen in the 11X80 finder. There are several nice triple stars
involved in the cluster.

NGC 6871 Bright, pretty large, not compressed, pretty rich at 100X.
29 stars counted including at triple star with one white and two
blue companions on the north edge.

NGC 6874 Pretty bright, pretty large, not compressed, not rich,
17 stars counted at 220X. This is a curved chain of stars or mags
10 and dimmer. This position is occupied by Bas 6 on Uranometria
chart number 84. I have a previous observation of Basel 6, so I
need to look this over further.

NGC 6881 Faint, extremely small, round, not brighter in the middle
at 220X, only about twice the size of the seeing disk. Confirmed
by blinking with the UHC filter. 7/10 Dugas.

NGC 6883 Pretty bright, pretty large, pretty rich, not compressed
at 100X. I counted 22 stars in 3 clumps that are broken up by dark
lanes which criss-cross the field. There is a nice yellow and
white double star in one of the groupings.

NGC 6884 Pretty bright, very small, round, little brighter in the
middle; a grey tiny disk at 220X. It is about 4 times the size of
the Airy disk. The central star is observed in good seeing.

NGC 6888 is a faint, large and irregular nebula at 100X. It looks like
a donut with a bite taken out. It can just barely be seen without
the UHC filter. The filter helps this object a lot. There are 14
stars involved within the nebula.
Ultimate Star Party, McDonald Obs. S=6, T=8, 36" f/5--
NGC 6888 Crescent Neb. 20mm with UHC, takes up entire field of
view, knot of 8 stars on top side.
next nite-
NGC 6888 27mm and OIII; amazing, almost the entire field, areas of
smooth nebula and areas of lumps. Great stuff. 32mm + UHC all kinds
of chunks of neby, all over the field, great view.


NGC 6894 Pretty bright, pretty large and annular at 220X. This
planetary was recognized at 100X. However, the annularity was only
seen at higher powers. On a night I rated 6/10 for seeing and
transparency the annular structure was only seen with averted
vision. On a much better evening at nearly 7000 ft. in the Central
Mts. of Arizona, the ring feature of this nebula was immediately
obvious.

NGC 6910 Pretty bright, pretty small, pretty rich and compressed
at 165X. In a 20' field of view I counted 39 stars of magnitude
10 down to mag 14. There is a somewhat fuzzy background to this
cluster and a few more stars become noticeable with averted vision.

NGC 6913 (M 29) Bright, pretty large, somewhat compressed,
somewhat rich, 29 stars (honest!) of 9th to 13th mag at 100X.
There is a light orange 11th magnitude star on the south edge.
Seen better as a cluster in the 11X80 finder, it shows 4 stars
resolved.

NGC 6914 and 6914b Faint, very large, elongated 2 X 1 in PA 135,
approximately 8' X 12' in size. UHC filter helps a lot at 100X.
NGC 6914b surrounds 9th mag star to the north and is pretty faint,
pretty small and irregularly round. NGC 6914a not seen.

NGC 6946 is a galaxy in a very dense Milky Way field. Because it is
face on much of the detail that could be seen is washed out by Our
Galaxy. In the 17.5" at 100X it is pretty bright, pretty large and
has a bright center.


NGC 6960 and 6992 are the brighter parts of the Veil Nebula. These
two nebulae were created by a supernova about 30,000 years ago and
we just happen to be lucky enough to live while it is visible. 6960
passes behind 52 Cygni, a naked eye star off the western wing of the
Swan. This section can be seen to split into forked branches. 6992
is about 2 degrees from 52 Cygni and is somewhat brighter than 6960.
In my 17.5" with a 20mm Erfle and a UHC filter, the Veil is amazing.
Only about one quarter of either loop can fit into the field of view
and the scope must be scanned to see all that is available. 6992 has
loops and swirls of nebulosity that give a three dimensional effect.
There are other pieces to the Veil Nebula, most of them between the
two main sections, much of what can be photographed in an 8" Schmidt
Camera can be viewed by a persistent observer. This is the object
on which the UHC filter does its best work.

Ultimate Star Party, McDonald Obs., Oct. 95, S=7, T=9, 36" f/5--

Veil 27mm and OIII; WOWW!!!! Eve says "Holy shit" from top of
ladder; Dennis and I are giving up trying to come up with
superlatives about this object in the 36". Primo view, my finest
view of any object at any time in any telescope. Three dimensional
taffy machine. Mottling, smooth sections with stars involved of a
wide variety of magnitudes. There are several places where you can
see small chunks of nebulae detached from the main body
of the Veil.

Eagle Eye S=6 T=7 6" f/6 Dobsonian, last night for the RFT, I sold it back to Bill Anderson.
NGC 6960 and 52 Cyg--the Pointy section stands out well with the UHC installed in the 22mm panoptic, the nebula is just seen without the filter. The Split section shows medium contrast with the UHC.
Pickering's Triangle--just seen with UHC, not there without filter.
NGC 6995--easily the most contrasty, nice with the filter, the Dragon Head is easy and shows some detail. 14mm UWA and UHC, the bright arc shows some light and dark detail at higher powers.

NGC 6974 Faint, large, elongated 3 X 1 NW-SE PA 135, it is
two 30' fields long at 100X. Not seen without UHC, not easy with
the filter.

NGC 6991 Pretty faint, pretty small, not rich, not compressed,
14 stars resolved at 135X.

NGC 6996 Pretty bright, pretty large, somewhat compressed and
pretty rich at 135X. I counted 35 stars of mags 10 to 14. It is
just seen in the 11X80 finder.

NGC 6997 Bright, very large, not compressed, not rich, a scattered
cluster with several nice groupings within the cluster. It is seen
as 4 stars and a fuzzy background with the 11X80 finder. This is
the star cluster involved within the North America Nebula. The
nebulosity is obvious at 60X.

NGC 7000 is the North America Nebula. This large area of
nebulosity needs an RFT to be seen in its entirety. A dim glow can
be seen in the area with the naked eye and 10 X 50 binoculars at a
dark site will show the North America shape. In a 4 1/4" f/4 with a
20mm Erfle and a UHC filter, the nebula is very bright and very
large, filling the 1.5 degree field with nebulosity. The brightest
section is "Mexico" and the Pelican Nebula (IC 5067) can be seen
nearby. Using my brand new 6" f/6 Dobsonian RFT, I got the best
view of this object ever at Dugas Rd. on a night I rated 7/10 for
transparency. Using Kevin Gill's 35mm Panoptic and 2" UHC filter,
there is nebulosity all over the field, with "Mexico" the brightest
section. There are several dark lanes within the "North Am." shape,
and many stars involved in the nebula. The "Pelican" section is
obvious.

Binoculars 10X50 backyard--no nebulosity, I can see the 40 stars that outline the N.A. shape, but no nebula even when straight up.

NGC 7008 is a pretty bright, pretty large, roundish planetary at
200X in the 17.5". It has several irregular bright spots and three
stars are involved in the nebula. There is a nice blue and gold
double star at its' edge. Using the 13" some years later, I
said the nebula is elongated 2 X 1 in PA 45, also that there is
a nice dark lane in the nebulosity.

NGC 7026 Pretty bright, pretty small and elongated 1.5 X 1 in PA 60
at 135X. I see no central star at this low power and the nebula is
blue-green. There is a ninth mag star 2' NE. Going to 220X shows
off binary nucleus, a faint central brightening which is double at
higher power. I have only been able to see the binary nucleus on
the best of nights.

Ultimate Star Party, McDonald Obs. Oct. 95, S=6, T=8, 25" f/5--
NGC 7026 in Larry's 36" is truly bizarre. It appears like two pancakes with blackberry syrup in between them. It is two pretty bright, small, short
arcs of nebulosity with a thin area of darkness between them. The
nebulosity grows to double its' size with averted vision. No central star.


NGC 7027 is an emission nebula that gets included with planetaries
because it is only 5" in size, a reasonable error. It seems bright,
pretty small and elongated 2X1 in PA 135 at 135X. The central star
is seen occasionally and it has a nice bluish color. This nebula is
somewhat rectangular and has a bright spot on the NW side at 220X.

Ultimate Star Party, McDonald Obs. Oct. 95, S=6, T=8, 25" f/5-- NGC
7027 in 25" with 12mm; is weird. A bright rectangle of material
that has a star in the upper left hand corner. There is a thin dark
lane down the middle of the bright section that is difficult to see.
A faint star is also seen "down and left" in the nebula. What is
truly bizarre is that the star is embedded enough to show off as
really GREEN. Seeing a star that is lime green is strange. NGC 7027
in Larry's 36" with 11mm. Central rectangular section, which
yields a "bow-tie" shape. Averted vision makes it grow a lot. A
light lime green in color, including the star.

Sentinel 8/10 S+T 13" 100X--just barely recognized as a tiny neby
at this power, a tiny aqua dot. 330X--pretty bright, very small,
stellar nucleus that is offset, aqua color with star of about 12th
mag. involved. Elongated 1.5X1 in PA 120.


NGC 7027 Eagle Eye Rd. 13" S=6 T=7 just before Moonset
Moon is 100 degrees away, about 50% ill.
100X--easy to find, pretty bright, small, blue-green in color, the color is pretty easy.
220X--color a little less obvious, elongated 1.8x1 in PA 120 with
bright spot (star?) in NW quadrant. None of the "bow tie" shape is seen with the 13" on this good, but not spectacular, night.

MGC 7031 Pretty faint, pretty small, somewhat compressed, not
rich, blue and orange pair involved at 135X.

NGC 7039 Pretty bright, large, elongated 2 X 1 in PA 45, not
compressed, pretty rich at 100X. 44 stars counted of mags 10th
and less.

NGC 7044 Faint, pretty small, elongated 2X1 E-W, not compressed,
not rich. 16 stars counted from 11th mag and dimmer. Some hint
of a hazy background of stars, may need a better night and some
altitude, this observation from Buckeye on a 6/10 night.

NGC 7048 is a pretty faint, pretty small and elongated planetary
that looks like a grey blob in the Milky Way at 135X in the 17.5".
It is said to be 11 mag in Burnham's, I would estimate 12.5 or
less. Using the 13" on a much better night I said it was pretty
bright, pretty large and somewhat brighter in the middle at 220X.
This object could be recognized at 100X, but higher power brought
out some detail. It is irregularly round and very light green. The
Milky Way field is very rich in this area.

NGC 7062 Pretty bright, pretty small, pretty rich, compressed,
20 stars counted at 165X. This nice cluster stands out from
the Milky Way background very nicely.

NGC 7067 Faint, small, somewhat elongated, poor, not compressed,
11 stars counted at 165X. Not much.

NGC 7082 Bright, large and pretty rich and somewhat compressed at
100X. 56 stars were counted, including a nice blue and gold pair
on the south side. This nice cluster has a dark lane branch off
from the north side.

NGC 7086 Bright, pretty large, rich and compressed at 165X.
A background of faint members forms an "oatmeal" background to
this very nice cluster. I counted 39 stars in this cluster.
It is seen as a dim glow in the 11X80 finder or 10X50 binocs.

NGC 7092 (M 39) Very bright, large and loose cluster northeast of
Deneb. In dark skies, this cluster is naked eye and was noted by
Aristotle in 325 B.C. as a cometary object. This cluster is best
seen in RFTs. One of my best views was in a pair of 20 X 80
binoculars at Riverside. They showed about 25 pretty bright stars
in a 2 degree area. In the big binoculars it is large, bright, not
compressed and has some dark lanes in the milky Way nearby. Using
the 13" at 60X it is very bright, very large, rich and not
compressed, I estimated 120 total members by counting 30 stars in
the northeast quadrant. With the 11X80 finder, the cluster aspect
was more obvious and 16 stars were resolved.

Whtie Tanks site 6/10 S+T 6" f/6 with 38mm Erfle very large,
very bright, poor, little compressed, 26 stars counted of
magnitudes 7...11, several pairs. This cluster is elongated
2X1 N-S . Going to 22mm Panoptic is best view, 42 stars
counted..lots of faint members "fill in" the cluster.
10X50 11 stars counted, somewhat elongated, stars 7, 8 +9.


NGC 7127 Pretty faint, small, poor, somewhat compressed, 12
stars counted at 135X.

NGC 7128 Pretty faint, pretty small, not rich and compressed at
165X. If all you did was read the previous sentence, an observer
would not expect much from this cluster of 12 stars. However, those
dozen stars are arranged in a lovely small ring with one of them a
beautiful orange color. This a nice, delicate cluster.

IC 1311 Pretty faint, pretty large, round, not rich, little
compressed at 165X. 14 stars counted with "oatmeal" background.

IC 1369 Pretty faint, pretty small, pretty rich, compressed,
irregularly round, 23 stars counted at 135X, with a fine powering
of fainter stars. Going to 220X brings out a dark spot in the
center of the cluster.

IC 4996 Pretty bright, pretty large, pretty rich and somewhat
compressed. I counted 22 stars in this nice cluster including
a delicate multiple star on the SE end.

IC 5067 Very, very large, pretty faint, best in 11X80 finder
with UHC filter. "The Pelican" is near the North American nebula
and has 16 stars involved in the irregularly round nebulosity.

IC 5076 Faint, small, round, just a nebulous star, the UHC helps
some at 135X.

IC 5117 Faint, very small, round, little brighter in the middle,
suspected at 220X, confirmed at 320X. The UHC filter does not
help this planetary. I only tried for this tiny, faint object
because I was at one of my best sites in the Central Mountains
of Arizona at 7800 ft. with dark, transparent skies.

IC 5146 is the Cocoon Nebula. It is very faint, large and round at
100X. This faint patch with 5 stars involved would be tougher to
spot but it is at the end of a one degree long dark streamer in the
Milky Way. The nebulosity is not much and does not respond to the
UHC filter.

Basel 6 Pretty bright, pretty large, 22 stars counted at 100X.
An arrowhead shape with a fuzzy background of unresolved stars.

BD +30 3639 is Campbell's Hydrogen Star. It was discovered by W.W.
Campbell at Lick Obs. with a spectroscope on the 36" because it has
a compact, bright line spectrum. At the telescope, it looks much
like an 11 magnitude planetary about 5" in size. The problem is
that it is embedded in a dense Milky Way field. It is marked on
Tirion with a planetary nebula symbol near Alberio. It looks easy,
since it forms a triangle with 9 and 12 Cygni. However, that is the
heart of the Cygnus Star Cloud and it will take a while to fish out
this object. Because this is a Wolf-Rayet star with a shell and not
a planetary it can be detected by its bizarre reddish-orange color.
On a great night in the mountains of Arizona at 200X in the 17.5" it
is obviously non-stellar and displays a reddish hue.

Berk 86 Pretty small, pretty faint, not rich, not compressed,
19 stars of 10th to 13th mag at 135X.

Biur 2 Pretty faint, pretty large, somewhat compressed, not very
rich at 100X. I counted 22 stars of magnitudes 11 to 13.

Collinder 419 Pretty bright, pretty large, not rich and somewhat
compressed at 165X. There are 16 stars of magnitudes 11 to 13
surrounding the double star Struve 2666.

Collinder 421 Pretty faint, pretty small, not rich, little
compressed, 22 stars counted at 135X.

DoDz 11 Small, not rich, not compressed at 100X. Six stars in a
mostly straight line, one of them is 8th mag and yellow, the
cluster is not much.

M1-92 is the Footprint Nebula. It was discovered by Rudolph
Minkowski and released in a 1946 list of new nebulae, hence the
bizarre designation. It is 11.7 mag and 8" in size. It lies 30"
east of a star of similar magnitude and appears like a double star
at low power. There is a finder chart for this object in the August
1977 Sky and Telescope page 156. With the 13" at 165X it is pretty
bright, very small, not brighter in the middle, and elongated 1.2 X
1 in PA 0. The star images on this night where about one arc second
in size and the nebula was about three arc seconds. At 250X using
my old 17.5" on a superb nite in the Arizona Mountains at 8000 feet
both sections, the "heel and sole" of the Footprint, can be seen.

13" 220X pretty bright, very small, not brighter in the middle,
somewhat elongated in PA 0. Look like a double star 30" east of
star of equal magnitude.

MGC +8-36-3 Very faint, small, round, not brighter middle at 150X.

PK68+1.2 the catalog gives 22" as the size of this object, there is
no object visible of that size at this location on a 7/10 night
from Dugas Rd. in the 13" at 165X.

PK 77+14.1 Extremely faint, pretty large, very, very little
brighter in the middle, round, averted vision helps at 100X.
Adding the UHC filter increases the contrast of this nebula
quite a bit, at least I can hold it with direct vision now.

PK 79+5.1 Faint, pretty small, little brighter in the middle,
round, averted vision helps. It was spotted at 100X, but it
was better at 165X.

PK 79+6.1 Very faint, very, very small, round, very little brighter
in the middle at 220X. Averted vision makes it about twice the size
of the Airy disk.

PK 86- 8.1 Faint, very small, just found at 150X. Going to higher
power at 220X shows it as elongated 1.5X1 in PA 90 and the central
star is held steady at this higher power. Averted vision makes the
nebulosity more prominent.

Ru 173 Bright, very, very Large, scattered, about 25 pretty bright
stars in 50 minutes of arc. Several yellow members are seen at 60X
in the 13", using the Giant Erfle eyepiece. There is a circlet of
nine stars of mags 9 to 10, with a "fill-in" of 41 others within
the circle. This huge cluster just fits in the 40 arc minute field
of the 22mm Panoptic eyepiece. The cluster aspect is seen in the
11X80 finder.

Ru 175 Pretty faint, pretty small, little compressed, not rich at
100X in the 13". There are two stars of 10th magnitude and 14 others of mags 11 and fainter.

Sharpless 2-101 Pretty faint, small, irregularly round, an 8th mag
star is involved in this nebula at 100X. It appears to be a bright
edge on a dark lane.

Sharpless 2-104 10 mag star involved in faint nebulosity at 100X.
UHC filter does not help.

UGC 11465 Faint, small, little elongated 1.2 X 1 in PA 90,
bright middle at 150X

van den Bergh 128 Pretty bright, pretty large, somewhat brighter in
the middle and irregularly round at 165X. The UHC filter dims this
object. There are several nice dark lanes and two stars involved in
this nebula.


Double Stars

Beta Cyg Alberio is one of the most observed double stars for a
variety of reasons. First of all, it is gorgeous! In most any
scope you can muster, there are two lovely blue and gold stars
afloat in a beautiful Milky Way field. Also, it is an easy double
to find and split.

Delta Cyg Notched at 165X and 270X, never a clean split, always
a figure 8, on a 5/10 night.

Psi Cyg Just split at 100X, better at 270X, white and light yellow.

Omicron Cyg Wide pair, yellow and blue, nice colors.

17 Cyg Easy split at 100X, nice dark yellow and blue in a pretty
rich field.

26 Cyg 3 stars split at 100X, white, light yellow and light blue,
almost in a straight line.

31 Cyg Very wide pair, split in the finder scope, in the 13" I see
them at blue and gold at 60X.

61 Cyg This is a bizarre pair because both stars are red dwarfs.
They are approximately 30 seconds of arc apart. The pair is opening
and will be separated by 34 seconds in about 2100 A.D. In my scope
they are both orange.

Struve 2486 Split at 100X, yellow and blue in a rich field.

Struve 2658 Wide pair split at 100X, all split at 165X, yellow,
light yellow, blue and grey.

Struve 2671 Notched at 100X, split at 165X, white and yellow.

h 1470 Easy split at 100X, lovely dark yellow and deep blue, dimmer
version of Alberio.


Red Stars

U Cyg About 10th mag, but VERY RED, approx= V Hyd, HONEST
Lovely field with a glowing coal embedded in the stars.