Hershel 400 Objects in Cepheus
|Abbreviations in the CON column are the IAU versions.
|The column TYPE has following abbreviations:
|OPNCL = open cluster
||PLNNB = planetary nebula
||GLOCL = globular cluster
||CL+NB = open cluster and nebulosity
||BRTNB = bright emission or reflection nebula
|Hubble Classification for galaxies or GALXY where no
|In the Herschel Column
the Classes are:
|I = Bright Nebulae
||III = Very Faint Nebulae
||V = Very Large
|VII = Pretty Much Compressed
Clusters of Large or Small Stars
|II = Faint Nebulae
||IV = Planetary Nebulae
||VI = Very Compressed and Rich Clusters
||VIII = Coarsely Scattered
Clusters of Stars
||H IV 58
|| bright, large, and elongated 1.5X1. Central
star obvious at 200X. The color is grey at all powers. At 200X and
above from one of our best locations, the nebula shows off two brighter
ends that look like "polar caps" on Mars. The western cap
is larger and brighter. From a poorer site on a night I rated 5/10
for seeing and transparency, the brighter parts of the planetary make
it appear to have a spiral shape. The "polar cap" effect
only appears on the best of nights.
||H VI 42
|| Bright, large, rich, compressed and irregularly
round in shape at 135X. I estimated 70 stars, there are lots of dimmer
members. This cluster has many lovely chains of stars meandering out
into the Milky Way. It is easy in the 11X80 finder.
||H IV 76
|| This face-on spiral galaxy has a low surface
brightness and therefore responds to the atmosphere more than edge-on
systems. For that reason I have called this object "pretty faint"
on a night I rated 5/10 and then called it "pretty bright"
on a night that was 8/10 in the mountains of Northern Arizona. In
any case it is pretty large, somewhat elongated and has a bright,
almost stellar nucleus. Even at the best of times I have never seen
spiral structure in this object. There is a very dim extension that
forms a 'V' shape.
||H VII 66
|| pretty bright, large, not compressed, rich cluster
of 30 stars at 100X.
||H VIII 67
|| bright, pretty large, scattered group of 16
stars at 135X. Two 9th mag stars and several fainter ones, not much.
||H VIII 77
|| pretty bright, pretty large, not compressed,
triangularly-shaped cluster of 36 stars at 100X. There is nebulosity
involved in the cluster, it can be seen without the UHC filter, but
the filter helps the contrast very much. The nebula is dim enough
that when I use my red flashlight to take notes, the nebula disappears
for a few moments when I return to the eyepiece.
||H VII 44
|| bright, pretty large, somewhat compressed cluster
at 165X.I counted 22 members in an irregular shape, with several nice
lines of stars. In a wide field eyepiece, cluster King 19 is in the