110 BEST OBJECTS IN THE NEW GENERAL CATALOG
by A.J. Crayon and Steve Coe
Version 1.0, dated Thu 01-04-1990
This list is used by members of the Saguaro Astronomy Club of Phoenix, Az.
Constellation abbreviations are the IAU standard.
Galaxies are identified by their Hubble type.
Sizes are in arc minutes unless noted otherwise.
Click on an NGC number for observation notes.
|891||AND||Sb||02 22.6||+42 21||11.5||14.0×3.0||edge-on with dust lane|
|7662||AND||PN||23 25.9||+42 33||8.6||17″x14″||use high power for detail|
|6781||AQL||PN||19 18.5||+06 32||11.8||111″x109″||large, pale|
|7009||AQR||PN||21 04.2||-11 22||8.3||28″x23″||Saturn, small green oval|
|7293||AQR||PN||22 29.6||-20 48||6.3||960″x720″||Helix, large, diffuse|
|772||ARI||Sb||01 59.4||+19 00||11.5||8.0×5.0||diffuse spiral|
|1907||AUR||OC||05 28.0||+35 19||8.2||7.0||30* mags 9…|
|1931||AUR||OC||05 31.4||+34 15||11.3||3×3||haze around 4*|
|1501||CAM||PN||04 07.0||+60 55||12||55.8″x48″||faint, dark center|
|2403||CAM||Sc||07 36.8||+65 37||9.5||17.8||visible in binocs|
|2655||CAM||S||08 55.6||+78 13||11.5||6.5×5.8||stellar nucleus|
|185||CAS||dE0||00 39.0||+48 20||9.7||12×10||distant companion to M31|
|281||CAS||OC||00 52.8||+56 37||7.4||4.0||responds to UHC filter|
|457||CAS||OC||01 19.1||+58 20||6.4||13.0||rich, 80*|
|663||CAS||OC||01 46.0||+61 15||7.1||16.0||NGC’s 654 + 659 nearby|
|7789||CAS||OC||23 57.0||+56 44||6.7||16.0||very rich, many dim*|
|5128||CEN||SOp||13 25.5||-43 01||8.0||18×15||equatorial dust lane|
|5139||CEN||GC||13 26.8||-47 29||3.7||36||Omega Centauri!|
|40||CEP||PN||00 13.0||+72 32||10.7||60″x40″||central* 11.6mag|
|6939||CEP||OC||20 31.4||+60 38||7.8||8.0||rich, 80*, near NGC 6946|
|6946||CEP||Sc||20 34.8||+60 09||10.5||14||diffuse, face-on|
|7129||CEP||RN||21 41.3||+66 06||11.5||7×7||faint reflection neby|
|246||CET||PN||00 47.1||-11 53||8.5||240″x210″||low surface brightness|
|936||CET||SBa||02 27.7||-01 09||11||5.6×4.5||near M77|
|2359||CMA||EN||07 17.8||-13 13||—||8.0||Duck Neb, UHC helps|
|4274||COM||Sb||12 19.9||+29 37||11.1||7.3×2.7||many other NGC’s near|
|4414||COM||SC||12 26.4||+31 14||10.9||4.8×3.2||stellar nucleus|
|4494||COM||E1||12 31.3||+25 47||10.7||4.5×4.3||small, compact|
|4559||COM||SC||12 35.9||+27 58||10.7||13.0×5.2||coarse structure|
|4565||COM||Sb||12 36.3||+26 00||10.3||15.5×1.9||superb edge-on, dust lane|
|4725||COM||Sb||12 50.4||+25 33||10.2||12.0×9.0||bright, large spiral|
|4361||CRV||PN||12 24.5||-18 48||10.3||80″||small, bright|
|4111||CVN||S0||12 07.1||+43 05||11.4||4.3×0.8||bright lens shape|
|4214||CVN||Ir||12 15.7||+36 20||10.3||11×9.0||large irregular|
|4244||CVN||S||12 17.5||+37 49||10.8||18.5×2.3||huge edge-on|
|4449||CVN||Ir||12 28.2||+44 06||10||6.0×4,5||bizarre rectangular shape|
|4490||CVN||Sc||12 30.6||+41 39||10.1||7.0×3.5||bright spiral|
|4631||CVN||Sc||12 42.1||+32 33||9.8||17.0×3.5||huge edge-on|
|4656||CVN||Sc||12 43.9||+32 11||10.6||22.0×3.0||companion is NGC 4657|
|5005||CVN||Sb||13 11.0||+37 03||10.6||6.3×3.0||near Alpha CVn|
|5033||CVN||Sb||13 13.5||+36 36||10.9||11.5×5.5||near NGC 5005|
|6819||CYG||OC||19 41.3||+40 11||7.3||5.0||rich, 150*|
|6826||CYG||PN||19 44.8||+50 31||8.8||27″x24″||Blinking PN, 10mag*|
|6960||CYG||EN||20 45.6||+30 43||—||70×6||Veil, west half|
|6992||CYG||EN||20 56.3||+31 42||—||60×8||Veil, east, use UHC|
|7000||CYG||EN||20 58.8||+44 20||—||120×100||North Am., low power|
|7027||CYG||PN||21 07.1||+42 14||9.6||18″x11″||proto-planetary, unique|
|5907||DRA||Sb||15 15.9||+56 19||11.4||12.8×1.8||fine edge-on, dust lane|
|6503||DRA||Sb||17 49.4||+70 09||11.5||8×2.6||bright, elongated|
|6543||DRA||PN||17 58.6||+66 38||8.3||22″x16″||11th mag central*|
|1232||ERI||Sc||03 09.7||-20 34||10.5||8×7||face-on spiral|
|1535||ERI||PN||04 14.2||-12 44||10.4||20″x17″||bright bluish disk|
|2158||GEM||OC||06 07.5||+24 06||8.6||5.0||near M35, compact|
|2392||GEM||PN||07 29.2||+20 55||8.6||47″x43″||Eskimo, use high power|
|6207||HER||Sc||16 43.1||+36 50||12.5||3.3×1.2||no definite nucleus|
|6210||HER||PN||16 44.5||+23 49||9.7||20″x13″||small, bluish|
|3242||HYA||PN||10 24.8||-18 38||8.6||40″x35″||Ghost of Jupiter|
|7209||LAC||OC||22 05.2||+46 30||6.7||25.0||50*|
|7243||LAC||OC||22 15.3||+49 53||6.4||21.0||40*|
|2903||LEO||Sb||09 32.2||+21 29||10||13.3×6.0||bright, elongated|
|3384||LEO||E7||10 48.3||+12 38||10||5.4×2.8||in field of M105|
|3521||LEO||Sc||11 05.8||-00 02||10.1||13.5×7.0||large, bright|
|3607||LEO||E1||11 16.9||+18 03||10.2||4.5×4.0||other galxy’s nearby|
|3628||LEO||Sb||11 20.3||+13 36||11.5||15.5×4.3||edge-on, near M65-66|
|3344||LMI||Sc||10 43.5||+24 55||11.1||7.5×7.0||diffuse face-on|
|3432||LMI||Sc||10 52.5||+36 37||11.7||7.5×2.0||edge-on, faint streak|
|2683||LYN||Sb||08 52.7||+33 25||11||9.2×2.6||bright edge-on|
|2244||MON||OC||06 32.4||+04 52||4.8||24.0||Rosette, OC + neby|
|2261||MON||EN||06 39.2||+08 44||—||2×1||Hubble’s Neb, comet like|
|6369||OPH||PN||17 29.3||-23 46||11||30″x29″||near NGC 6309|
|6572||OPH||PN||18 12.1||+06 51||9||15″x12″||small, bright|
|6633||OPH||OC||18 27.7||+06 34||4.6||27.0||large, sparse, bright|
|1788||ORI||EN||05 06.9||-03 20||—||8×5||comet shaped|
|1973||ORI||EN||05 35.1||-04 44||—||5×5||near M42|
|2024||ORI||EN||05 42.0||-01 50||—||30×30||put Zeta out of field|
|2022||ORI||PN||05 42.1||+09 05||12.8||28″x27″||small, annular|
|2194||ORI||OC||06 13.8||+12 48||8.5||10.0||rich with faint stars|
|7331||PEG||Sb||22 37.1||+34 25||10.4||11.4×4.0||elongated in PA 171 deg|
|869||PER||OC||02 19.0||+57 09||4.3||30.0||Double Cluster w/NGC 884|
|884||PER||OC||02 22.4||+57 07||4.4||30.0||350*, use low power|
|1023||PER||E7p||02 40.5||+39 03||11||9×4||lens shaped|
|1491||PER||EN||04 03.3||+51 18||—||3×3||small, fairly bright|
|2438||PUP||PN||07 41.8||-14 44||11||65″||on N edge of M46|
|2440||PUP||PN||07 41.9||-18 13||11.5||54″x20″||almost stellar|
|2539||PUP||OC||08 10.7||-12 50||6.5||22.0||rich, near M46 + M47|
|253||SCL||Scp||00 47.5||-25 18||7.1||25×7||large|
|6712||SCT||GC||18 53.1||-08 42||8.2||7.2||PN IC 1295 in field|
|3115||SEX||E6||10 05.2||-07 43||10.1||8.3×3.2||Spindle, lens-shaped|
|6445||SGR||PN||17 49.2||-20 01||13||35″x30″||annular, near M23|
|6520||SGR||OC||18 03.4||-27 54||7.6||6.0||60*, compact, near B86|
|6818||SGR||PN||19 44.0||-14 09||10||22″x15″||annular, near NGC 6822|
|2841||UMA||Sb||09 22.0||+50 59||10.5||7.4×3.5||bright edge-on|
|3079||UMA||Sb||10 02.0||+55 41||11.2||8.7×1.6||elongated in PA 165 deg|
|3077||UMA||E2p||10 03.3||+68 44||10.7||6.0×4.5||bright core|
|3184||UMA||Sc||10 18.3||+41 25||10.4||8.5×7.8||diffuse face-on|
|3675||UMA||Sb||11 26.1||+43 35||10.4||6.8×3.5||in field of 56 UMA|
|3877||UMA||Sc||11 46.1||+47 30||11.8||5.6×1.2||elongated in PA 35 deg|
|3941||UMA||E3||11 52.9||+36 59||11.3||3.6×2.5||small, bright|
|4026||UMA||E8||11 59.4||+50 58||11.5||4.5×1.1||lens-shaped|
|4088||UMA||Sb||12 05.6||+50 33||11.2||5.9×2.2||near NGC 4085|
|4605||UMA||Scp||12 40.0||+61 37||10.8||7.0×2.5||bright edge-on|
|4216||VIR||Sb||12 15.9||+13 09||11.2||8.5×1.7||near NGC’s 4206 + 4222|
|4388||VIR||SBc||12 25.8||+12 40||12.2||6.2×1.7||near M84 + M86|
|4438||VIR||Sap||12 27.8||+13 01||12||9.7×3.9||pair with NGC 4435|
|4526||VIR||E7||12 34.1||+07 43||10.6||7.0×2.7||betwn 2* of 7th mag|
|4535||VIR||SBc||12 34.4||+08 13||11.1||7.8×7.0||near M49|
|4567||VIR||Sb||12 36.6||+11 16||12.5||3.0×2.5||Siamese Twins, galxy pair|
|4699||VIR||Sa||12 49.1||-08 40||10.5||3.5×2.7||small & bright|
|4762||VIR||SO||12 53.0||+11 14||11.1||9.0×2.0||flattest galaxy known|
|5746||VIR||Sb||14 45.0||+01 49||12.3||7.4×1.1||edge-on, near* 109 VIR|
|6940||VUL||OC||20 34.6||+28 18||6.3||31.0||rich, 60*|
Observations by Steve Coe using a 13″ f/5.6, unless noted.
NGC 6781 Bright, Large, somewhat elongated at 100X. It is immediately obvious without the UHC filter. This planetary is shaped like the gibbous moon with the south side brighter in an arc. There is one star involved that stands out very nicely. The UHC filter helps some. I estimate its’ size at one arc minute.
NGC 281 Pretty bright, large, irregularly round, with 14 stars involved at 100X with the UHC filter. It is just seen without the UHC. A dark lane intrudes into the nebula on the south side, forming the Pac-man or Giant Comma shape.
NGC 457 Bright, large, pretty rich, compressed. 63 stars counted including Phi Cass, it is a light yellow star at the edge of the cluster at 100X. There is another bright star near Phi that gives the effect of having two glowing eyes looking back at the observer. In the Southwest we call this cluster the Kachina Doll, two sparkling eyes and the rest of the cluster outlines outstreched arms with feathers. Many tribes in the Southwest made
such dolls for their rites.
NGC 663 Counted 69 stars at 100X. Bright, large, very rich, much compressed. Several 8th mag members across the face of the cluster. There is a curved north to south dark lane down the middle of the cluster. This is one of the best Non-Messier open clusters. It is unmistakeable in the 11X80 finder.
NGC 7789 160 Stars estimated by counting 40 in the N to W quadrant. Bright, large, very rich, very much compressed at 100X.
There are many dim members in this excellant cluster. Dark lanes wind through this group from edge to edge and give the impression of spiral structure. At 165X the cluster fills the field with many lovely pairs and delicate asterisms. This cluster has been a favorite since my first observation.
NGC 40 bright, large, and elongated 1.5X1. Central star obvious at 200X. The color is grey at all powers. At 200X and above from one of our best locations, the nebula shows off two brighter ends that look like “polar caps” on Mars. The western cap is larger
and brighter. From a poorer site on a night I rated 5/10 for seeing and transparency, the brighter parts of the planetary make it appear to have a spiral shape. The “polar cap” effect only appears on the best of nights.
NGC 6939 Bright, large, rich, compressed and irregularly round in shape at 135X. I estimated 70 stars, there are lots of dimmer members. This cluster has many lovely chains of stars meandering out into the Milky Way. It is easy in the 11X80 finder.
NGC 6946 This face-on spiral galaxy has a low surface brightness and therefore responds to the atmosphere more than edge-on systems. For that reason I have called this object “pretty faint” on a night I rated 5/10 and then called it “pretty bright” on a night that was 8/10 in the mountains of Northern Arizona. In any case it is pretty large, somewhat elongated and has a bright, almost stellar nucleus. Even at the best of times I have never
seen spiral structure in this object. There is a very dim extension that forms a ‘V’ shape.
NGC 246 is a very nice planetary to break up all these galaxies.
It is bright, large and round at 100X. There are several dark areas in this nebula and they combine to look like this is a doughnut someone took a bite from. The UHC filter makes this effect more noticeable. There are three stars involved at 165X.
NGC 2359 Pretty bright, large, Irregular shape. Nebulosity extends out of the 30 minute field at 100X. UHC filter helps the contrast of this object a lot. I have always heard this object called the Duck Nebula because the shape includes a side view of a duck head with a bill.
NGC 4565 very bright, very large, extremely elongated 10X1, very bright middle at 135X. Dark lane is easy at a good site, it can be held with direct vision. At 200X some fine detail within the dark lane is visible in moments of good seeing at our best sites
in the mountains of northern Arizona. It has always looked like the classic flying saucer.
At a Saguaro Astronomy Club star party someone called it “God’s Frisbee”. This spectacular edge-on galaxy is also a companion to Comet Coe. The story goes like this: I had just completed a new 17.5″ Dobsonian and had had only few chances to get it out into dark sky. I trucked it to a club gathering at one of the best sites we use. When I observed NGC 4565 it had an obvious companion that I immediately thought was a comet. After showing it to A. J. Crayon and several other club members, I looked it up and it was quite obvious in a photograph in Burnham’s. Oh well, so much for fame and fortune. Several “friends” pointed out that it could be a very long period comet that is coming directly at the earth.
NGC 4725 bright, large, much elongated, very bright middle at 100X. My old 17.5″ would show a hint of barred spiral structure at 125X, but I have not had the chance to use the 13″ on this object from an excellant site to see if the smaller scope will duplicate that feat.
NGC 4361 Bright, large, elongated 1.5 X 1 in PA 90, somewhat brighter in the middle at 100X. Central star is easy at 220X. This planetary has a bizarre “mottled” effect, a grainy quality that is unusual for a planetary nebula.
NGC 4656 pretty bright and large with a very irregular shape.
It looks like an airplane wing! It shows this bizarre detail at 100X, with a bright area at one end (nucleus?) and a curved fainter body extending away from the brighter point. Put this guy on your observing list for next time.
NGC 6826 is the Blinking Planetary. This medium sized, 9th magnitude planetary can be located at 100X. It appears as a non-stellar blob in the Milky Way. I first saw the blinking effect in an 8″ scope at 200X. If you look directly at the planetary the central star is prominent compared to the greenish nebulosity. Then averted vision will make the nebula appear brighter and overwhelm the star. Alternating between direct and
averted vision will produce a blinking on-then-off effect that is fascinating. In the 17.5″ the effect is unmistakeable. There are several other planetary nebulae that have the right central star to nebula brightness to show off this effect.
NGC 6960 and NGC 6992 are the brighter parts of the Veil Nebula.
These two nebulae were created by a supernova about 30,000 years ago and we just happen to be lucky enough to live while it is visible. 6960 passes behind 52 Cygni, a naked eye star off the western wing of the Swan. This section can be seen to split into forked branches.
6992 is about 2 degrees from 52 Cygni and is somewhat brighter than 6960. In my 17.5″ with a 20mm Erfle and a UHC filter, the Veil is amazing. Only about one quarter of either
loop can fit into the field of view and the scope must be scanned to see all that is availible. 6992 has loops and swirls of nebulosity that give a three dimensional effect. There are other pieces to the Veil Nebula, most of them between the two main sections, much of what can be photographed in an 8″ Schmidt Camera can be viewed by a persistant observer. This is the object on which the UHC filter does its best work.
NGC 7000 is the North America Nebula. This large area of nebulosity needs an RFT to be seen in its entirety. A dim glow can be seen in the area with the naked eye and 10 X 50 binoculars at a dark site will show the North America shape.
In a 4 1/4″ f/4 with a 20mm Erfle and a UHC filter, the nebula is very bright and very large, filling the 1.5 degree field with nebulosity. The brightest section is “Mexico” and the Pelican Nebula (IC 5067) can be seen nearby.
NGC 7027 is an emission nebula that gets included with planetaries because it is only 5″ in size, a resonable error. It seems bright, pretty small and somewhat elongated at 135X. The central star is seen occaisonally and it has a nice bluish color.
NGC 6543 Bright, large, elongated 1.8 X 1. The central star can be seen at all powers, but is stellar only on the best of nights.
Using 250X to 320X there is much detail within the planetary. Two brighter curved areas give the impression of spiral strucure. The very center of the nebulosity does not get near the central star, somewhat like M-42, where the nebulosity has been blown away from
the central Trapezium.
NGC 2392 is a bright, large and round planetary. It’s central star is obvious at all powers in the 13″. At 200X, the star is encircled by two rings. There are several dark marking within the rings. These markings make the “face” that gave this object the
name “Clown Face” or “Eskimo” nebula. In the 13″ the features are only seen on good nights, they were held steady on most evenings with my old 18″ f/6. This object has been light green in any telescope I have ever owned.
NGC 6210 bright, pretty small, elongated, central star easy at 135X. Averted vision makes this planetary grow in apparent size.
I have always seen this beautiful planetary as green, blue-green or aqua in whatever scope I was using. This nebula was discovered by F.G.W. Struve during his double star survey.
NGC 3242 Wow, Looks like CBS eye, greenish at all powers, Central star easy at 300X. Very bright, large, round. AT 650X on a night I rated 8/10 for seeing, there is a small, dark circular area around the central star. A very nice planetary with lots of internal detail at high power.
NGC 2903 is one of the best non-Messier galaxies. It is easy in 10×50 binocs or a large finder scope. At 175X in the 12.5″ f/6 this galaxy is bright and is mottled across the face with a much brighter core. There is a bright spot about 4 arc minutes from the core.
NGC’s 3605, 3607 and 3608 form a tight group in the 12.5″ at 100X.
I don’t have a finder chart to know which galaxy is which. Two are pretty bright, round and have a brighter middle. One is small, faint and not brighter in the center.
Burnham’s has “very Bright” for 3607, it must be a misprint or an observation by Lord Rosse with the 72″.
NGC 3628 is the most elongated of the three galaxies. It is pretty bright, large and has a somewhat brighter core in the 17.5″ at 200X. Averted vision will bring out a hint of a dark lane on a sharp, transparent night.
NGC 2244 is the star cluster involved in the Rosette. In the 13″ at 60X it consists of 2 parallel lines of about 15 stars. It is very bright, very large and not compressed. Several of the stars are yellow and one is a lovely orange.
NGC 2261 is Hubble’s Variable Nebula. Edwin Hubble took many photos of this comet-shaped nebula that show changes in its form.
The best explanation is dark masses inside the nebulosity that drift in front of R Mon, the star that illuminates the gas. These drifting dark clouds cast shadows on the glowing gas. There is a set of pictures in Burnham’s that show these changes. As a matter of fact, this object is the answer to a good trivia question.
It was the first thing shot with the 200″ telescope when it was put into operation in 1949.
In the 13″ at 135X it is bright, pretty large, much elongated and has a much brigher star involved. It appears as a small comet and the star R Mon is very obvious at the tip. The south side is brighter and the west side is more elongated. At 200X there are some dark markings within the nebulosity. I have inspected this object at high power several
times and I believe that I have seen changes but there are differences in seeing, transparency, observing site and telescope from time to time. I plan to observe this object over a longer period to see if I can pick out obvious differences when some of the other variables are removed.
NGC 6369 is a very nice planetary. It can be spotted in an eight incher at 100X, but large scopes work well on this object. The 18″ at 175X will show a central dark spot and at 300X this object starts to look somewhat like the Ring Nebula. This annulus effect could be seen in a 13″ at 200X on the same night.
NGC 6572 is a pretty small and bright planetary. It is somewhat elongated and the central star will appear during good seeing at 300X in the 18″. Other times the center will just brighten up somewhat. The noteworthy aspect of this gem is its’ color. In every scope I have ever owned, from an 8″ to an 18″ this is the greenest nebula I have ever seen! This guy is as green as an Irishman’s coat on St. Patrick’s day. Alright, alright, it is as green as lime Jello.
NGC 6633 has 15 stars of mags 9 and 10 within a 20′ field. Then there is another 30 to 35 stars of mags 11 and down which form a lovely backround at 100X. This is a nice cluster with a 7th mag star on the south side.
NGC 2024 is a bright, large emmision nebula near Zeta Ori. It is easy in any telescope I have ever used under dark skies and my old 8″ f/6 would show several dark lanes winding across this nebulosity.
The 17.5 incher helps a lot and much detail can be seen in the region at 200X. The UHC helps a lot and so does getting Zeta out of the field. Because of the large, parallel dark lanes, Arizona astronomers have taken to calling NGC 2024 the “Tank Track” Nebula.
NGC 884 and NGC 869 the Double Cluster is naked eye as a bright spot in the Winter Milky Way from even a somewhat light polluted site.
Hipparchus and Ptolemy both mention it in ancient texts.
These two clusters are both large, bright, rich and somewhat compressed. The fact that they are both within a 1 degree field of view is fascinating. Using a 38mm Erfle eyepiece which gives about 60X in the 13″, I counted 102* in one quadrant of the field of view for a total of at least 400* in the field. The view in the 11X80 finder is spectacular with several orange giant stars sprinkling the clusters, including one almost exactly between the
two clusters. There are also several beautiful chains of stars curving into the Milky Way from within this cluster pair.
NGC 1491 Pretty faint, pretty large, irregularly round at 135X using a UHC filter. The central star appears about 10th magnitude. This nebula is quite faint without the UHC, I just noticed it, even from a dark site.
NGC 2438 Bright, large, irregularly round at 220X. Central star easy at all powers. Going to 440X with the Barlow shows two other stars involved in this nebula. At 100X the nebula is light green, but the color is dim at high power.
NGC 2440 Bright, pretty large, much brighter in the middle at 270X. The central star becomes stellar occaisonally in good seeing. Averted vision doubles the size of this planetary. This object is elongated 3 X 1 in PA 30. It is a very nice lime green at all powers.
NGC 253 is the star of the show in Sculptor.
This very large and very bright galaxy was discovered by Caroline Herschel in 1783 during a comet search. From the Cape of Good Hope, her nephew John Herschel called it ” a superb object” in the 18″ reflector.
This spiral is probably the closest galaxy to the Local Group.
NGC 6712 bright, little elongated, very rich, very compressed.
Resolved at 100X, going to 165X brings out a myriad of dimmer members at the edge of resolution. This globular resides in a beautiful, rich Milky Way field that provides a lovely backround (foreground?).
NGC 6445 is a nice planetary, 20 minutes North Following 6440.
It is pretty bright, Large and has a box shape at 200X. It shows a small dark lane at high power and is definatly not a 13th mag object as listed, I estimate 12.
NGC 6818 is a bright, pretty small and little elongated planetary.
It is green at all powers. At 320X is looks somewhat like the CBS eye, with a subtle central bright spot that was never stellar. Three dim stars surround the nebula.
NGC 3079 Bright, pretty large, very much elongated in PA 150, bright middle at 165X. A difficult dark lane comes and goes with the seeing. Two stars are invl on the north end. There is an extremely faint, round companion to the north about 5′.
NGC 4216 pretty bright, large, much elongated with a very bright middle at 100X.
The fascinating thing about this object is that it is within a 30′ field of two other edge on galaxies. The northernmost is extremely faint, pretty small, very much elongated and not brighter in the middle. The southernmost is faint, pretty small, much elongated and somewhat brighter in the middle. With 4216 in the center of this array of spindle shaped galaxies, this is a spot that fascinated me.
NGC 4388 pretty bright, large, much elongated 3X1 E-W, brighter middle.
This very distorted edge-on galaxy is in the field of M84 and M86.
I tried some power, up to 220X, in an attempt to see some of the bizarre distortion of this galaxy. I could only see that the central section is quite elongated and that the outer
arms are very mottled.
NGC 4567 and 4568 are the famous Siamese Twins galaxies. This pair is pretty bright, pretty large, irregularly round and brighter in the middle at 165X. These two galaxies are joined at the eastern end and form a “V” shape to the west. There is a
companion galaxy to the north.
NGC 6940 Bright, large, rich, quite compressed at 100X. This cluster is easy in the 11 X 80 finder. I estimated 80 members, many in lovely chains of stars. There is an interresting feature of this cluster, it is bordered in black. A dark lane goes almost all the way around the dense star cluster, as if the stars were gathered up and left behind dark lanes.